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Top 10 mountain flowers to discover

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Wander through colorful mountain meadows and tiptoe around tiny alpine wildflowers. Rocky Mountain National Park's varied ecosystems are home to hundreds of wildflower species. What a world to discover!

1. Common Fireweed

Scientific name: Chamerion danielsii
Family: Evening-primrose family (Onagraceae)
Habitat: Mountain and subalpine woods, meadows, or disturbed and burnt areas

Fireweed blooms from July to September with rose to purple colour of flowers. The flowers have four petals that are arranged in an elongated raceme. The plant can grow between 1 m to 1.9 m (4 to 6ft) in height. Fireweed gets its name not from its fiery color, but because it is one of the first plants to colonize the soil after a wildfire. In Great Britain it also earned the name “bombweed” due to the rapid colonization of land that was bombed during World War II.

{seo}Fireweed bloom on the hike in the mountains, Alps{/seo}

2. Yellow Pond-lily

Scientific name: Nuphar lutea ssp polysepala
Family: Waterlily family (Nymphaeaceae)
Habitat: Shallow mountain and subalpine lakes

The large yellow bowl shaped sepals protect the smaller petals inside. The large leaf blades float on the surface of the water. Yellow pond-lily blooms from mid-June to mid-August.

{seo}Yellow Pond-lily bloom on the hills{/seo}

3. Mountain Harebell

Scientific name: Campanula rotundifolia
Family: Bellflower family (Campanulaceae)
Habitat: Mountains and Alpine meadows and aspen groves, Northern hemisphere from 40° N to about 70° N, extending in Europe from the north Mediterranean to the arctic.

This plant has many slender stems, each bearing several bell-shaped blue flowers. It blooms from late June into early October. This plant grows in mountainous areas around the world, and is also known as the bluebell-of-Scotland, blawort, hair-bell, lady's thimble, witch's bells, and witch's thimbles. Shakespeare somewhat sadly wrote about it:
With fairest flowers,
Whilst summer lasts, and I live here, Fidele,
I'll sweeten thy sad grave: thou shalt not lack
The flower that's like thy face, pale primrose, nor
The azured hare-bell, like thy veins; no, nor
The leaf of eglantine, whom not to slander,
Out-sweeten’d not thy breath.
{seo}Mountain harebell bloom on the hike in the mountains, Dolomites [/seo}

Mountain harebell bloom on the hike in the mountains, Dolomites [/seo}

4. Chiltern Gentian

Scientific name: Gentiana germanica
Family: Gentianaceae
Habitat: in the UK only in the Chiltern Hills (hence the name) in southern England, and from France to the Balkans on the Continent.

Chiltern Gentian is a flowering plant with dark blue or violet petals of Gentian family. It prefers chalk downland, short open turf with bare areas for its seeds to germinate. It blooms in August-September when most downland flowers are over. The flower was chosen as the county flower of Buckinghamshire within the UK, and sadly it is very rare now. You can find it in the Chiltern Hills of southern England, in Wiltshire, but also in Europe pre-Alpine territories and in the Alps, ranging from France to the Balkans.

{seo}Chiltern Gentian bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.{/seo}

5. Pyrenean buttercup

Scientific name: Ranunculus pyrenaeus
Family: Ranunculus
Habitat:The natural habitat is between 1,700 - 3,100m (6,000 - 10,000 feet) in both the Pyrenees and the Alps from huge meadows in the uplands.

Ranunculus pyrenaeus is one of the plants like Soldanella alpina (Alpine Snowbell) which blooms as soon as the snow melts or sometimes even before. The attractiveness of this alpine flower means it is often for sale in garden centres.It grows up to 25cm tall in the period from June till August.

{seo}Wild mountain flowers - pyrenean butercup{/seo}

6. Centaurea or Fiordaliso

Scientific name: Cyanus Segetum
Family: Asteraceae
Habitat: It originates from Western Asia, but widespread in the Mediterranean, where it is growing to a height of 15 to 160 sm.

The plant belongs to the Asteraceae family and the scientific name is "Cyanus Segetum", the name Cyanus derives from the Greek word Kyanos (blue color substance), the name Segetum derives from the Latin word "segetis" (of the grain fields) as a reference to its more usual habitat of the cereal fields. The intense blue of the cornflowers was in the past a common vision in the cereal fields. In English folklore, the flower was worn by young men in love, if the flower faded too quickly, it was taken as a sign that the man's love was not returned. The Sibillini Mountains are well known for the bloom of fiordaliso making them one of the most beautiful and romantic views. It blooms from June to September.

{seo}Fiordaliso bloom on the hike . Wild mountain flowers.{/seo}

7. Veronica delle Alpi (Veronica alpina)

Scientific name: Veronica
Family: Plantaginaceae
Habitat: It lives in stony pastures, valleys and in the humid environments of all the Alps, between 1500 and 3000 meters a.s.l. It is reported in rare stations in Modena and Abruzzo Apennines.
Veronica alpina bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

Veronica alpina bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

Perennial veronica of the mountain is a species characterised by its rotated crowns of blue-violet color. The genus name Veronica used in binomial nomenclature was chosen by Carl Linnaeus based on preexisting common usage of the name veronica in many European languages for plants in this group. The name probably reflects a connection with Saint Veronica, whose Latin name is ultimately derived from Greek, Berenice.

{seo}Veronica alpina in the rocks. Wild mountain flowers.{/seo}

8. Naupaka flower

Scientific name: Scaevola
Family: Goodeniaceae
Habitat: The hills and mountains in Australia and Polynesia.

Common names for Scaevola species include scaevolas, fan-flowers, half-flowers, and naupaka, the Hawaiian name of the plant. The flowers are shaped as if they have been cut in half. Consequently, the generic name means "left-handed" in Latin.

Many legends have been told to explain the formation of the naupaka unique half flowers. In one version, a woman tears the flower in half after a quarrel with her lover. The angered gods turn all naupaka flowers into half flowers and the two lovers remained separated while the man is destined to search in vain for another whole flower. The complete legend.
Naupaka - half-flower bloom on the hike in Hawai. Wild mountain flowers.

Naupaka - half-flower bloom on the hike in Hawai. Wild mountain flowers.

9. Amancay flower

Scientific name: Ismene amancaes
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Habitat: The hills and mountains of Peru, Patagonia and South America.

This herbaceous plant has white bulbs, a rosette of intense green leaves and yellow terminal flowers with a greenish interior. The flowers have a short lifespan of two to three days. They are often cultivated for their cosmetic and medicinal uses. Amancay flower beauty has inspired many artists and intellectuals. From pre-Hispanic times, the Inca’s culture decorated ceramics with this flower.

The flowering period of the amancae starts in the end of June and ends four months later, around September 30 when St. Jerome’s Day is celebrated.

Read the full story about Amancay flower.
Amancay flower bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

Amancay flower bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

10. Edelweiss Flower


Scientific name: Leontopodium alpinum, commonly called edelweiss. The scientific name is a latinisation of the Greek leontopódion, "lion's paw."
Family: Asteraceae family (daisy or sunflower family)
Habitat: prefers rocky limestone places at about 1,800–3,000 metres (5,900–9,800 ft) altitude in the Alps and the Carpathians.
Edelweiss bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

Edelweiss bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

This flower signifies deep love and devotion whereby men harvest the flower on daring steeps and fatal climbs to prove love and to show occasions of devotion. It’s synonymous with the alpine terrain, and those of the Alps find it a flower of purity that instills a great sense of patriotism with its meanings. This flower is a regional/national symbol in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Its short life span and remote habitation have inspired the folklore of the Alps inhabitants to signify the Edelweiss with national prestige. It is Switzerland’s national flower.

What Does the Edelweiss Flower Mean
The Edelweiss is a flower that means notoriety in its complete essence. It’s prized where it naturally grows and is created to be a symbol by its local region because it’s only obtained by a few when it lies waiting in its natural habitat. It, therefore, captivates the symbolic qualities of adventure and great sacrifice.

Etymological Meaning of the Edelweiss Flower
When speaking of the etymology of the Edelweiss flower, we’ll inevitably come by the name meaning of Leontopodium alpinum that is characterized as a German mountain flower and what mountains symbolizes. The Edelweiss flower is also a part of the daisy and sunflower family with non-toxic properties in its makeup, that is why it has been used as a treatment in respiratory and abdominal diseases from times immemorial. This flower has tomentose, a wooly appearance of white hairs on its leaf and flower which creates the flower’s hairy and silvery character. It grows to heights of 16 inches and develops its flower into a double-star formation between the months of July and September. These patterns make it highly recognizable as a birth flower.

The Edelweiss Flower’s Color Meanings
Though subtle in appearance, the Edelweiss color has symbolic meaning as much as the entire flower itself has. The actual German translation of the word, “Edelweiss,” literarily means noble and white. Surely, this is a brief color meaning as a description. The flower’s sense of nobility is the most profound in the Edelweiss entire symbolic meaning. Roughly 50 daredevils die each year in the vain pursuit to capture this variety of a blooming daisy.

Meaningful Botanical Characteristics of the Edelweiss Flower
Snow flower is the common attributed name that the Edelweiss flower will go by. Its love for high altitudes gives it access to increased levels of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. This is a perennial plant that flourishes in calcareous gorges for a lively stint of 3 to 10 years.
There is a collection of medical uses that the Edelweiss flower finds itself useful for. Collectively, the flower is great in mediating the presence of normal aging, abdominal pain, aerophagia, amnesia, Alzheimer's disease, allergic reactions and alcoholism. This flower could also have been given to soothe the body of diphtheria or tuberculosis. Of all these ailments, an upset stomach is more commonly remedied with the Edelweiss flower.
When taken as a tea, Edelweiss gives relief and it is in general a gesture of good faith from someone who brought it to you during your sickness.

Interesting Facts About the Edelweiss Flower
There are currently legal limitations that ban picking this flower in most of the regions where it’s now left to grow wild.
The plant is said to have anti-aging chemical properties.
The popular song, that you were likely to have heard in “The Sound of Music” is not a national tune; it was written specifically for the movie.
To prevent it from becoming extinct, the Edelweiss is now also planted in more accessible areas at lower altitudes.

The Edelweiss is a token of love, and it is also the name of a beer maker in Austria.
Special Occasions for Edelweiss Flowers

Should the man be brave and stout, an Edelweiss might be the right flower to profess his love. This flower can be a great symbol of love when daring men take hold of the mountains and climb their way through the five elements and conquer hazardous precipices.

A lucky woman who gets the gentle flower after all those endeavours will surely know the honor of the man seeking to impress her.

The Edelweiss Flower’s Message Is:
A plant that is of honorable qualities, the Edelweiss, which makes its seeker climb and its lover woo. Its nobility is found in its upbringing: rare and where only few can surely get to.
Stella alpina bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

Stella alpina bloom on the hike in the mountains. Wild mountain flowers.

The variaty of wild flowers in mountains is so vast, here some links to discover more of natural beauty:

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